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Clara Barton,
Founder of the American Red Cross

by Helen Boylston

This Landmark book was used in the "Random House Reading Program," as follows:

SURVEY
Answer these questions before you read the book. When directions are given, follow them carefully. You will be surprised how much you can tell about a book before you read it! Turn through the book looking at the pictures.

The pictures show Clara doing all of these except one. Which activity is not shown in the pictures? (A) riding a horse (B) riding in a wagon (C) riding in a train (D) riding in an automobile (E) sailing in a boat

Which one of these did Clara do? (A) work in a store (B) teach school (C) become an actress

Find the Contents Page. Read it. Then answer these questions.

How many chapters are there in the book?

In which chapter will Clara go to Washington?

The page before the Contents Page is the Dedication Page. Read it.

Which word on that page tells you how the author feels about something Helen H. Robinson did?

Find the Title Page.

Who drew the pictures in the book?

Find the Index in the back of the book. Use it to help you answer these questions.

If you wanted to read about Clara Barton at the age of 32, what page would you turn to?

In what town in New York is Hamilton College?

On what pages can you read about the battles at Bull Run?

DETAIL
Read these questions before you start to read the book. They will tell you what to look for while you are reading. After you have read over all the question, begin reading the book. When you have finished the book, answer the questions.

Phrenology is the study of the shape of the ____________.

Clara was the first woman to do a man's work and get a man's wages in a government office. What office did she work in ? (A) Office of Education (B) War Office (C) Patent Office

When the Civil War started, how many trained nurses were there in the United States? 1000, 100, 10, or 0

Which was the third battle in which Clara Barton served on the battlefield? (A) Antietam (B) Second Battle of Bull Run (C) Chantilly

At the battle of Spotsylvania, Clara discovered that the officers were not providing for the wounded. Answer true or false.

How much of her own money did Clara spend in the search for the missing men after the Civil War was over?

Why did Clara go to Europe? (A) to learn more about the Red Cross (B) for her health (C) because she enjoyed traveling

The United States was the only nation invited to the original International Red Cross Conference which did not join at that time. Who was responsible for keeping the United States out of the International Red Cross? (A) the American delegate to the Convention (B) the Secretary of State (C) Congress (D) Clara Barton

According to this book, if you want to read more about Clara's work as president of the American Red Cross, what book should you read?

Where was the first local chapter of the Red Cross? (A) Dansville, New York (B) Ithaca, New York (C) Baltimore, Maryland

VOCABULARY
Here is a list of some of the more difficult words you will meet in this book. Before you read the book look up in the dictionary any words you do not know. Find out their meanings and how to pronounce them.

agitated hideous
disaster desperately
assert tribute
disciplinarian improper
criticize immodest
underprivileged ultimately
agility phrenology
peculiar discipline
agonizing tragic
responsibility dumbfounded
accumulating disastrous
slanderous accurate
imminent obviously
interpreter incapable
wretched civilians

1. Which word from the second column means the same as eventually?

2. Which word from the first column means the same as collecting?

3. Which word from the first column means the opposite of deny?

4. If you say something ______________ about me, I might sue you. Use a word from the first column.

5. If you are thoroughly confused, you are also __________. Use a word from the second column.

6. If you have the right to do something, you also have the ____________ to do it well. Use a word from the first column.

7. Which word means unhappy. Use a word from the first column.

8. A person who is a _________ will make you behave properly. Use a word from the first column.

9. Three words in the list above end in "er". In one of those words the "er" is a suffix that means "one who" or "a person who." For example, in rider the "er" means "a person who" rides. In which of the following words does the "er" mean "a person who" (does something) ? disaster, improper or interpreter

10. If you are not able to jump ten feet, you are __________ of jumping that far. Use a word from the second column.

COMPREHENSION
Answer these question after you read the book. Unless the questions tell you to look in the book, answer them without going back over what you have read.

1. People were always telling Clara certain things were "not proper" for a woman. Which of the things that she did would not be proper for a woman to do today? (A) start a school for poor children (B) go to the battlefield as a nurse (C) work in a government office (D) none of the above

2. All of the following sentences except one give a reason why only one battle of major size was fought during the first twelve months of the Civil War? Which is not an actual reason? (A) The South was waiting for help from France. (B) Many of the best officers in the Northern Army were Southerners who resigned to join the South's army. (C) Communications were poor. (D) The North and the South did not really want to fight each other.

3. In which of the following lists does James Abram Garfield belong? (A) Christopher Columbus, Marco Polo, Ferdinand Magellan (B) George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, John F. Kennedy (C) Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Samuel Morse

Here is a list of some events in Clara Barton's life. But, they are out of order. (A) She vacations in Europe. (B) She nurses her brother David. (C) She serves in the battlefield during the Civil War. (D) She sets up the American Red Cross.

4. Write the letter of the first event.

5. Write the letter of the next event.

6. Write the letter of the next event.

7. Write the letter of the final event.

8. During the war, Clara Barton made cornmeal mush from cornmeal that wine bottles were packed in. This shows that she learned (A) eating corn is good for soldiers. (B) a person should use everything he find during wartime. (C) cornmeal mush is better for you than wine.

9. Read the last paragraph on page 48. What is the main idea of the paragraph? (A) The school must be a town school. (B) A town school cannot be considered a pauper school. \par 10.\tab If you were to summarize Clara's life in one sentence, which would be best? (A) She was the founder of the American Red Cross. (B) She lived to serve others. (C) She worked on the battlefield as a nurse.

ACTIVITY
If you enjoyed the book and would like to share it with others, choose one of these things to do when you go for your book conference.

1. Choose a disaster that happened during your lifetime. Write a page in Clara Barton's diary as you think she would have written it if she were alive today.

2. Select one of the exciting events in Clara's life and make it into a play. Ask some of your friends to help you put it on for your class.

3. Find someone else who has read Clara Barton. Debate on the topic: resolved, the Red Cross should be made a division of the United Nations.

4. Pretend you are Clara Barton and give a lecture on the early history of the American Red Cross. Illustrate it with drawings of the Red Cross emblem, the first headquarters, the forest fire, etc.

5. Imagine you are a newspaper reporter and interview Clara Barton on the first day she went onto the battlefield.

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